Turn of the Century Vienna was a place of remarkable cultural and intellectual creativity. Jews, such as Freud, Shnitzler and Schoenberg to name just a few, were central figures and often the trailblazers in many of the new cultural movements of the time. How might we understand the disproportionate involvement of Jews in the cultural avant garde of turn of the century Vienna? More broadly, we will interrogate the long-standing relationship between Jewish identity and cultural innovation. What can the history of Jewish Vienna tell us about the ways in which Jews of different generations choose to understand and express their Jewish identity?