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The human beta cell: victim or instigator of Type 1 Diabetes development
Dr Gladys Teitelman, Professor, SUNY presents her recent paper: Abnormal Expression of an Insulin Synthesizing Enzyme in Islets of Adult Autoantibody Positive Donors
The observation that the two active forms of proprotein convertase 1/3 (PC1/3) were differentially expressed in beta cells of normal islets raised the possibility that this heterogeneity is lost during type 1 diabetes (T1D) progression. To test this hypothesis, the expression of the convertase was evaluated by confocal microscopy in sections of human pancreas of autoantibody positive (AA+) and T1D donors and compared with that of control. Islets of T1D pancreas were comprised of beta cells expressing either low or high PC1/3 levels and all islets of a pancreatic section contained only one beta cell type. Pancreata of AA+ donors contained either of these two classes of islets intermixed with normal islets comprised of beta cells with heterogeneous PC1/3 expression. This alteration affected the expression of proinsulin and insulin, which in most AA+ and T1D donors were lower than in controls. The present results indicate that the heterogeneity of PC1/3 expression is lost in all beta cells in a subset islets of AA+ donors and in all islets of T1D donors. These findings suggest that the heterogeneity of PC1/3 expression is a biomarker of human beta cell health and that its loss coincides with the initial stages of T1D.

Mar 28, 2023 09:00 AM in Pacific Time (US and Canada)

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