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Stefano Falcone, ECARES
Agricultural Modernization and Redistributive Conflict: The Struggle for Land in Brazil
Abstract: How does agricultural modernization affect conflict? This paper studies a case of resource reallocation induced by trade liberalization during the mid-90s in Brazil and analyzes its effect on redistributive conflict. We show that the reorientation of the economy toward the agricultural sector led to an increase in land occupations. We find empirical support for a mechanism involving the expansion of the formal agricultural sector and the reduction of informally accessible land. Moreover, conflict increases with gains from capital- and land-intensive crops, while gains from labor-intensive crops mitigate it. Our estimates also indicate that land occupations result in a higher probability of being granted property title over land, providing evidence that political mobilization pushes forward redistributive policy. Finally, the performance of collective action depends on the presence of local organizations suggesting that the land-poor’s ability to mobilize for political action rests on the availability of potential leaders. (joint with Michele Rosenberg)

Oct 2, 2020 12:15 PM in Brussels

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