Elbert A. Smith and Roy Cheville were towering figures in the life of the mid-20th century Reorganization. Both men served as Presiding Evangelist of the church, Cheville after Smith. Both were beloved by church members for the authenticity and credibility of their ministries. However, in the rear view mirror of historical hindsight we can now see that Smith and Cheville represented contrasting, even opposing, visions of the church, and that their interpretations of the Reorganization’s message were bound to come into serious conflict. Their theologies reveal the early signs of a gathering storm that would rattle the church to its foundations in the 1960s and beyond.