In the past decade, two initiatives aiming to induce much needed investments in Central and Eastern Europe were established – the Three Seas Initiative (TSI) and the “17+1” platform. While both platforms focus mainly on infrastructure and energy sector projects, their origin and purpose differ significantly. To what extent are the regionally owned TSI and the 17+1, initiated by China, complementary to each other? Are there any overlaps or competition between the two platforms? And what impact do the two initiatives have on the Visegrad cooperation?