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Implementing the Protection of Personal Information: The Brazilian Experience
2018年8月14日にブラジルの個人情報保護法(Lei Geral de Proteção de Dados Pessoais、2018年法13709号。「LGPD」という。)が成立した。LGPD は、個人の自由及びプライバシーに関する基本的権利の保護等を目的として、個人情報の処理に関する活動を定めて いる。全体を通して EU 一般データ保護規則(GDPR)の影響を強く受けているが、LGPD の独自の規定も多い。

In August 2018, the Brazilian General Data Protection Law (Lei Geral de Proteção de Dados Pessoais) (LGPD) was approved. The LGPD regulates activities related to the processing of personal data, with the aim of protecting the fundamental rights to personal liberty and privacy. The LGPD was strongly influenced by the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), but there are many provisions that are unique to the Brazilian law.


Japan’s Act on the Protection of Personal Information (APPI) was recently amended and the new provisions will come into effect next year. The revised Japanese law will impose new data breach notification requirements, and increase the criminal penalties that may be imposed on corporations to a maximum of JPY100 million. In addition, the Draft Law Concerning the Establishment of Relevant Laws for the Formation of a Digital Society will integrate Japan’s three main personal information protection laws into a single law, expand the jurisdiction of the Personal Information Protection Commission and establish national rules for the processing of personal information by local governments.


The protection of personal information is a major issue in both Japan and Brazil. Our marketplaces are now global and so there are valuable lessons to be learned by discussing and comparing issues related to the protection of personal information in


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