NUTRITIONAL EFFECTS ON HARD AND SOFT TISSUE REGENERATION AND DENTAL IMPLANT INTEGRATION
Sometimes, even when all of the guiding principles of surgery are followed, we still see failure of the regenerative procedure or failure of the dental implant. Increasing evidence suggests that a lack of certain micronutrients may contribute to these failures. We will review the effects of micronutrients on bone health, bone grafting, periodontal health, soft tissue healing, implant osseointegration and immune regulation and discuss strategies to optimize serum levels of micronutrients to prepare for regenerative procedures. As our society continues to rely more and more on processed foods and fast foods that are less nutrient dense, we are seeing an increase in micronutrient deficiencies, obesity, metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. Is there a way to improve outcomes in our regenerative procedures for these patients?