The year is 1824. 48 years have passed since the signing of the Declaration of Independence and 43 since the British surrender at Yorktown. As the generation of Revolutionary War veterans passes away, fewer and fewer Americans remember the bloody struggle for liberty and freedom from English rule. President James Monroe, the last of the founding-father Presidents, recognizes this as a crucial time in our nation’s history, and believes it is important for the younger generation to understand that freedom and democracy came at a great cost. The President extends an invitation to the Marquis de Lafayette, the last surviving major general of the Revolutionary War, to visit the United States as an official "Guest of the Nation." Monroe looks to Lafayette, a hero to both France and America, to remind Americans of the sacrifices and heroism by which their freedom was won. Learn about Lafayette's 1824-1825 tour of the United States, his visit to Fort Monroe on 24-25 October 1824, and his friendship with Simon Bernard, the French engineer who designed Fort Monroe.