Climate variability and change are influencing the availability and quality of water resources. Water is crucial for the prosperity and growth of any economy, and to sustain society and the environment. It is critical that both water supply and wastewater systems have the resilience and capacity to mitigate both current levels of climatic variability and future climate change impacts. Planning is key in preparing for the future. Effective water safety planning (WSP) and wastewater risk abatement planning (W2RAP) provides a proactive, flexible and robust approach to assess and manage current and future risks (both climate and non-climate related).