Reflective Foundations of Human Morality
The dual-process model of the mind posits two distinct cognitive systems: reflective (high-effort) and intuitive (low-effort). Recent research in psychology has evaluated moral decision making from the perspective of this dual-process model. I present an overview of my contributions to this literature, showing that (1) reflection is negatively related to various measures of social conservatism and religious belief, (2) the relation between reflection and ideology is stronger in WEIRD (Western, educated, industrialized, rich, democratic) than in non-WEIRD cultures, (3) reflection may have a causal influence on political attitudes, religious belief, prosocial, and cooperative behaviors. These studies provide a systematic analysis of how and when reflection influences moral judgments and behaviors.