As global attention and resources have shifted away from political extremism, conditions in many parts of the world are ripe for a resurgence of extremist violence. From former theaters of robust U.S. military engagement like Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria to secularist strongholds such as France and Turkey, incentives and opportunities for extremist violence are rising. This rise, however, has not been met with renewed thinking or updated conceptual or policy frameworks. How have trends in extremist violence changed? What can the United States do to combat the rise of "enterprising extremists?" To revive discussions on issues of extremist violence, Orbis Editor Nikolas Gvosdev will be joined by Rabia Zafar to discuss her article in the Spring 2021 Issue. Gvosdev and Zafar will draw on Zafar's extensive field research in Pakistan to specify the incentives for extremist violence that turn violent entrepreneurs into enterprising extremists.