The effects of climate change is a major constraint to the sustainability of Africa agriculture. While the sector is besieged with a number of issues ranging from poor productivity due to poor access to inputs, technologies, predominance of poorly resources smallholder farmers in the sector, uncoordinated value chain systems, non-supportive policy environment etc. The incidence of climate change in the last 2 decades has created another major threat to food production and food security on the continent. Scientific predictions of the effect of the various changes in climate is pointing at Africa as a continent that will experience large negative effects. The rise in temperature, prolonged dry season, elongation of raining season and in most instances reduction in cropping season will have direct and severe indirect effects on agricultural productivity, and food and nutrition security. Some of the ongoing known effects of climate change also include the incidence of new pest and diseases, vegetation succession and loss of suitable weather condition for cultivation of certain crops. The speed of desertification in the dry savannah regions of Africa has increased in recent years leading to the eradication of certain crop and livestock production systems and reduction in the volume of arable land. The traditional pastoral livestock systems in the dry savannah is also much affected by reduction in lush pasture leading to gradual move down the south. This has exacerbated the famers pastoralist conflict which can be characterised by armed conflict and terrorism in some part of Africa. Apparently, climate change has triggered a huge change in the social, economic and cultural systems in most part of Africa.
The central objective of Biennial CSA Stakeholders Conferences to foster continental and national CSA readiness to avert the negative effects of climate change and ensure sustainability of agriculture, food and nutritional security.